Many of us would love to be experts at makeup. It isn’t easy to learn all of difficult parts to makeup routines and how to use certain products. Perfecting makeup requires a lot of hard work and dedication. There are also many ways to make the process of learning much easier, such as taking certain makeup courses and training programs.
Before getting into detail about types of makeup training, it’s important to know the basics of makeup and different categories.
Types of products
- Primer – this will help your makeup last longer and creates an even base that will help your foundation go on smoother. Primers fill in the lines and pores on your face, smoothen out uneven textures and create the perfect base for other makeup products.
- Foundation – foundation covers blemishes and flaws on the face. It creates a smooth canvas and base for the rest of your makeup products. Foundation comes in different finishes, from matte to more illuminating formulas. They come in either more light coverage or heavy coverage depending on your preferences. Some prefer to dab a sponge over their foundation to help ensure it gets into those lines and creases, which can create a smoother texture. Certain types of makeup brushes are also great for buffing foundation into the skin.
- Concealer – concealer hides imperfections, blemishes, red spots, dark spots or under eye bags. It usually comes in a liquid formula, which tends to be lighter, or a thicker, creamy formula for more coverage.
- Powder – it’s typically applied after foundation and concealer to set them in place. Powder comes in a loose or pressed form and helps give the skin a blurred effect. It also keeps the skin matte.
- Bronzer – this product warms up the complexion and gives the skin a nice tanned look. It is mostly used during the warmer months, but of course, can be used all year round. It also gives the face more dimension and gives the skin a healthy look.
- Blush – blush makes the skin look more youthful and healthy by giving the cheeks some colour. It comes in different formulas, but typically the colours are more pink and peach.
- Contour Powder – this product models and defines the face and it’s applied to the hollows of cheeks, tops of the forehead, and the nose. It makes the face look slimmer and gives the appearance of more defined cheekbones.
- Highlighter – this literally highlights the face and gives it an illuminated look. Highlighter comes in cream, powder, loose and liquid forms. It’s applied to the high points of the face: the tops of cheekbones, cupid’s bow, bridge of the nose, and sides of the forehead.
- Eyeshadow base – this is applied under eyeshadow to help blend the colours better and keep the eyeshadow in place. This step is especially useful for those with oily skin since eyeshadow tends to fade throughout the day.
- Eyeshadow – there are practically thousands of different eyeshadow colours, formulas and finishes. Eyeshadow brings out your eye shape and colour and allows you to play around with colours on your lids.
- Mascara – mascara elongates the eyelashes by applying tiny fibres onto them with the brush. It opens up the eyes and makes them appear bigger. It mostly comes in dark colours like black and dark brown.
- Eyeliner – this product shapes the eyes and can be used to create different eye looks such as the well known smokey eye or cat eye. It’s typically black, but comes in all types of colours. Some people use a lighter eyeliner to line the bottom lashline to make the eyes appear bigger.
- Eyebrow – pencils, pomades and shadows are some products used to fill in eyebrows. You can go for a more natural look by lightly filling them in with a pencil while a pomade give you more intense, carved brows.
- Setting eyebrow/eyelash gel – this product sets and keeps your hair in place all day long.
- Lipstick – a classic product that comes in many colours – reds, pinks, corals, etc. It makes your lips stand out and gives them a unique tone.
- Lip gloss – lip gloss helps make your lips appear bigger and fuller. It also gives them colour and shape while giving them a layer of shine.
- Lip liner – lip liners define the shape of your lips and also enhance the size of them. It can be used to overline them a bit.
Now that you know the different types of makeup products and how they’re typically used, you should also know what types of techniques are used to apply them.
Invest in brushes
A very important tip for perfecting your makeup techniques is using great quality brushes.
Here are the eight basic brushes you need:
- Foundation brush
- Concealer brush
- Fluffy powder brush
- Blush brush
- Small blending brush
- Flat eyeshadow brush
- Precision angle brush
- Lip brush
They allow you to apply products with precision and help you blend like a pro. They also help you control the amount of product you’d like to apply. The way you hold a brush is also extremely important – the closer your fingers are to the barrel, the more pressure you put on the brush head. If you want to apply color evenly, place your fingers on the center of the brush handle. Another tip is how you can easily turn a fluffy brush into a flat, angled brush by wrapping your hand around the bristles and flattening them. A lot of brushes can be used for multiple purposes.
You might be wondering which type of foundation is best for your skin type. In general, everyone can use cream foundation, but those with oily skin should use a damp sponge to apply it. Most foundations have oil in its formula to give the coverage more pigment. Using the sponge will “pick up the pigment, but not the oil in the foundation.” You’ll still get great coverage, but without the shine. This is good advice for anyone since sponges are a great tool to try out. Mixing primer with foundation is also a good tip for long lasting coverage.
Forehead: shade and fill around the outer edge of your forehead along your hairline to minimize the area with bronzer.
Round face: apply a bronzer a shade or two darker than your skin tone in the shape of a 3 alongside your face: on your temples, the hollow of your cheeks, and your chin.
Flat or wide nose: shade alongside your bridge starting from your inner brows. Highlight on the center of your nose.
Droopy cheeks: apply a highlighter just above your cheekbone all the way to your temple. Use a blush directly on the cheekbone, then use a bronzer in the hollow of the cheek. Use a sparkly highlighter on top of high points of your face.
For more definition: take a bit of light bronzer and apply it onto the crease of the eye, which is halfway between the lash line and eyebrows. This technique is great for mature skin, to give the face more definition. An orange-y bronzer in your crease will make blue eyes stand out more.
For heavy lids: apply highlighter above your crease, from the inner to outer lid. Then blend a shadow to the area that you want to push back, which would be the fold where there’s more skin. Make sure to blend the edges from the shadow to the highlight.
For narrow-set eyes: to elongate your eyes, apply a black liner to the outer half of both your upper and lower lash lines, connecting at the outer corner.
For small eyes: beige-colored eyeliner on your lower lash line which will help make eyes look more open. Use a a darker pencil liner along your entire upper and lower lash line, connecting the lines at the outer corner. The key is to blend the liner with shadow, going outwards. Always smudge the lines so that they aren’t too harsh – this gives the allusion that your eyes much bigger than they actually are.
The professional makeup course
This type of training will help you master many important makeup techniques that will enhance beautiful features, disguise minor imperfections and can help you express your creativity.
This training typically consists of eight various topics and different video tutorials, and is designed so that you can master all the techniques at your own individual pace. The training will teach you how to:
- choose your tools, clean them and use them for best results
- use color theory principles when choosing colors in makeup when working with different skin tones
- make skin look smooth and flawless using different types of foundations
- enhance highlights and shadows to create the illusion of depth and a sculpted face
- shape eyebrows and enhance their natural shape
- define eye shapes and master a lot of eye makeup techniques that will draw attention to them
- work with different textures of lip products to make them either stand out or moisturized and plump.
It will take a lot of time to finish this training. Remember, to acquire a professional range of make-up skills, it is crucial to practice them as much as possible. For best results it’s recommended to go through these steps many times and repeat. Practicing can take you dozens of hours. These steps and techniques will help you become amazing at makeup, especially if you want to turn it into a career.
There are also many different courses and training classes available for specific types of makeup such as:
- wedding makeup
- extreme beginner course
- advanced professional training
- eyeshadow blending training
- perfecting your base
It’s up to you to decide what type of training will benefit you the most. There are many options to choose from – you can even take multiple classes to become a professional at makeup.